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Bush China Foundation Brief: Report on U.S.-China Strategic Policy Dialogue on Afghanistan


January 31, 2022 

by: Zoe Leung and Cameron Waltz

On August 15, Afghanistan’s government and security forces collapsed, with the Taliban capturing Kabul and then President Ashraf Ghani fleeing the country. The United States’ complete withdrawal after 20 years of intervention in Afghanistan precipitated the fall of Kabul. The Taliban’s return to power has yet to bring peace and stability to the country, with the armed opposition and the provision of governance and jobs as ongoing challenges. Meanwhile, an unstable Afghanistan is at risk of becoming a terrorist haven further threatening its fragile state and its neighbors.

To assess the future of U.S. and Chinese policy toward Afghanistan as well as prospects for U.S.-China cooperation in the region, the George H. W. Bush Foundation for U.S.-China Relations partnered with Peking University’s Institute for Global Cooperation and Understanding in bringing together former diplomats and academics from the United States and China for a closed-door discussion on the desired outcomes for respective interests in Afghanistan. The dialogue session, held in October, was the second round of the track 2 U.S.-China Strategic Policy Dialogue series launched in May of the same year, which seeks to facilitate action-focused exchanges between the two countries.

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